Lunch in a cacher restaurant next to the Old Port ; « Un sourire sous l’olivier », where you will enjoy traditional israeli food.
After lunch, head up to Cavaillon.
From the 13th century to the 17th century, the Venaissin County, was one of the few territoiries to welcome the Jewish territories under the protection of popes.
The exceptional heritage preserved in Cavaillon is due to its origins in the Jewish diaspora in the early first centuries. It represente the abigous protection of the Popes that ensured the survival of the Jewish communities in the territory, while they were forced to live in terrible life conditions.
Visit of the Synagogue of Cavaillon which is one of the most popular Synagogues in France.
It’s a place of prayer but also a school, and a community meeting place. The synagogue has two rooms with one which is for women only.
Visit of the old bakery with its typical marble table.
Visit the carrier of Cavaillon (jewesh ghetto in Provence) which was one of the first to be introduced in France. In this hebraique street you can visit the ritual bath or mikveh , an indispensable element in the life of the Jewish community. Built in the Middle Ages , this bath is powered by a water table and was used as a purifying bath for the tradition of ” family purity ” . In this same area you can visit the Jewish Museum Comtadin. It was created in the 60s , and it contains a large Jewish literary collection called the ” graveyard of books.”
Religious objects, donations from the Jews Pope’s descendants and headstones were added to those books. You will aslo see the oldest evidence of Jewish attendance ever discovered ; an old oil lamp from the first century before J.C.
We will then go to Avignon were we will visit the first “Career”, located on the opposite of the Cité des Papes in the current street “Old Jewry”, it crossed the whole Middle Ages. The location of the synagogue present on the site and Jerusalem rue Jacob happens to be in the second Jewish “Career”. Visit the Synagogue of Avignon, a place of Jewish worship in the heart of the old Jewish ghetto. It was the bishop of Avignon who decided where the synagogue would be built around 13th – century. with rooms for the Jewish’s community: a ritual bath, a butcher, a bakery, a studying room, a room for mariages..The most part was destroyed by fire in the 19th century and completely rebuilt in the exact same place. Because of its simplicity interior and provisions (lack of Elijah seat) it breaks with the tradition Judeo comtadine.
Head up to Marseille at the end of the day.